The main objective of ALFA, is the development of a system for timely detection, classification and understanding of the intentions of suspected air targets. It will bridge the existing capability gaps of current operational surveillance systems for border control.The system will also provide a prediction of the landing site or dropping zone. ALFA will contribute to the following EU strategic goals: Increasing the EU internal security by the reduction of cross border crime Interdiction of drug trafficking Assist the prosecution of drug trafficking criminals Confiscation of drugs and aircraft Interdiction of weapon and illicit substance trafficking Border security is obviously a critical topic for all EU Member states, especially for those countries with external land and maritime borders. The ALFA project is expected to increase surveillance capabilities contributing to the prevention of cross border crimes, in particular in terms of reduction of the traffic of drugs, weapons and illicit substances. It focuses on the improvement of the skills for combating drug smugglers that exploit a new modus operandi for crossing borders undetected using small low flying aircraft loaded with drugs. This situation is a global issue, but it has been identified as a major obstacle to combat drug smuggling entering through the south coast of Spain and Portugal. According to the intended objectives, the impact of ALFA project will be measured in accordance to its ability to: contribute further to the development of EUROSUR complement existing surveillance tools and strategies be adaptable (the system itself and the developed technologies) in other missions/area of interest.